Majesty Dog

Discovering the Lively and Loving Pumi: A Comprehensive Guide

Introduction to the Pumi

Are you considering adding a new furry friend to your family? Look no further than the Pumi, a sprightly and intelligent Hungarian herding terrier.

With their distinctive curly coats and sharp ears, the Pumi is an excellent choice for anyone seeking a loyal and active companion. In this article, we will delve into the characteristics and history of the Pumi, as well as explore their care requirements.

By the end, you will have a thorough understanding of what it takes to care for a Pumi and the joys of owning one.

Characteristics of the Pumi

The Pumi has many distinctive characteristics that set it apart from other breeds of dogs. They are medium-sized dogs, weighing between 18-33 pounds, and stand about 15-18 inches high at the shoulder.

Their curly fur, which comes in various shades of gray, black, and fawn, is soft to the touch and requires regular grooming to prevent matting.

In terms of temperament, the Pumi is an intelligent and lively breed with a curious and loving personality.

They are naturally inquisitive and exhibit strong herding instincts, making them an excellent choice for active families with children or other pets. However, their herding instincts can also lead them to be territorial and protective, which should be monitored closely during socialization and training.

Overall, the Pumi is a loyal and energetic companion, always eager to play and explore with their humans.

History of the Pumi

The Pumi has a long and fascinating history, rooted in the Magyars – a nomadic people who migrated from the East to the Carpathian Basin in the ninth century AD. During this time, the Magyars used the Pumi’s ancestors to herd their livestock across the plains of Hungary.

Over time, these dogs developed into distinct breeds, including the Puli, used more for guarding, and the Mudi, valued for its versatility and intelligence. It was not until the early 1900s that selective breeding began on the Pumi, leading to the breed’s standardization in 1920.

Originally known as the Hungarian herding terrier, the Pumi was recognized as a separate breed in 1954 and has since become a popular companion dog in Hungary and around the world.

Pumi Care

To ensure your Pumi’s wellbeing, it is essential to provide them with proper care. This includes regular exercise, grooming, and training.


The Pumi has a high energy level and loves to engage in physical activities. Daily exercise is essential to prevent boredom and destructive behavior, such as excessive barking or chewing.

Activities such as long walks, hiking, and playing in the yard are great ways to keep your Pumi mentally and physically stimulated. Obedience lessons and agility training can also be effective in channeling their energy into productive and fun activities.


The Pumi has a unique double coat, consisting of a soft and dense undercoat covered by a rough and curly outer coat. Their coat is prone to tangling and matting, so regular grooming is necessary to prevent discomfort and maintain the coat’s appearance.

Brushing their coat every few days and trimming their fur around their ears, paws, and tail can help prevent tangling and shedding.


The Pumi is an intelligent and independent breed, which can make training a challenge. However, with positive reinforcement, consistency, and patience, they can learn a wide variety of tricks and commands.

Basic obedience training is a great foundation, but further advanced training can open up new opportunities to bond with your dog, such as agility and herding trials. Socialization is also crucial in preventing behavioral issues, including aggression and anxiety.


In conclusion, the Pumi is a fascinating and unique breed, with many desirable traits and care requirements. Whether you are looking for a loyal companion for your family or a canine athlete for various activities, the Pumi has something to offer.

By providing them with love, attention, and proper care, you can ensure a happy and healthy life for your Pumi for years to come.

Common Health Problems

The Pumi is generally a healthy and robust breed, but, like all dogs, they may be predisposed to certain health issues. Knowing the common health problems that affect Pumis can help you take preventative measures or seek treatment quickly if your dog exhibits any symptoms.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition that can affect the hip joint’s formation, leading to malformation, arthritis, and eventually, pain and mobility issues. Symptoms of hip dysplasia in Pumis include a decreased interest in activity, stiffness, lameness, reluctance to climb or jump, and a favoring of one leg over another.

As there is no cure for hip dysplasia, the goal of treatment is to manage the symptoms and improve the dog’s quality of life. Mild cases of hip dysplasia can be managed with weight control, pain medications, and supplements to strengthen the bones and joints.

In more severe cases, surgery may be required to replace the hip joint.

Luxating Patella

Luxating patella, also known as “trick knee”, occurs when the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing discomfort and lameness. Symptoms of patellar luxation in Pumis include limping, a reluctance to walk, and an awkward gait.

Sometimes the dog may hold its hind leg up in the air. The severity of patellar luxation can vary from mild to severe, with mild cases requiring no intervention and severe cases necessitating surgery.

Conservative treatment includes pain management, rest, and recovery through physical therapy and low-impact exercises.

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

Degenerative myelopathy is a neurological disease that affects the spinal cord. The condition can lead to the breakdown of neurons, which causes limb weakness, stumbling, and eventually, paralysis.

Symptoms typically appear in mid to late adulthood and progress gradually. There is no cure for Degenerative Myelopathy, and its progression cannot be slowed.

The goal of treatment is to manage the symptoms and improve the dog’s quality of life. Treatment for DM includes physical therapy, supportive devices such as wheelchairs, mobility aids, and pain management.

Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)

Primary Lens Luxation is an eye disorder that occurs when the lens dislocates or detaches from its normal position, leading to vision problems and inflammation. Symptoms of PLL in Pumis include redness, squinting, inflammation, and cloudiness in the eye.

Surgical intervention is necessary to correct this condition. Other treatment options include topical anti-inflammatory medications to reduce inflammation and manage pain.

Diet and Nutrition

A balanced and nutritious diet is essential for the Pumi’s overall health and wellbeing. Commercial dog food that lists whole meats or meal as its primary ingredient is an excellent choice for Pumis as it provides adequate protein.

Home-prepared diets that include a balanced amount of carbs, proteins, and fat can also be beneficial.

Pumi owners should take care to provide the proper amount of calories to their dogs based on their age, activity level, and overall health.

Overfeeding can lead to obesity, while underfeeding can result in malnourishment.

Water intake is equally important

to the Pumi’s health as they are a high-energy breed and require consistent hydration.

Providing clean water in a clean bowl is essential to prevent dehydration. Adding electrolytes to the water can help restore lost minerals during physical activities.

Overall, a proper diet and adequate hydration are crucial for maintaining the Pumi’s health and promoting longevity.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Pumi

Adopting or buying a Pumi is an exciting and fulfilling experience, but it is important to do thorough research to ensure that you choose a reputable source and provide a loving home for your furry friend. In this article, we will discuss where to adopt or buy a Pumi and what to consider before making a decision.

Adoption and Rescue

Adopting a Pumi from a rescue group or a shelter not only gives you a new furry companion but can also save a dog’s life. There are Pumi rescue groups that specialize in rescuing and rehoming Pumis that have been abandoned, surrendered, or left in shelters.

You can find local rescue groups or shelter dogs online that are looking for their forever homes. The adoption process typically involves filling out an application providing information about your lifestyle, preferences, and your experience with dogs.

The rescue group or shelter will then match you with a Pumi that is compatible with your needs and can provide you with the necessary information, including any medical history, temperament, and behavioral issues. The cost of adoption varies but is typically less expensive than buying from a breeder.

In most cases, adoption fees cover veterinary care, vaccinations, and spaying or neutering costs. As an adopter, you will also help alleviate the burden on overcrowded shelters and provide a loving home to a deserving dog.

Breeding and Buying

If you decide to buy a Pumi from a breeder, it is essential to choose a reputable one that follows ethical breeding practices and provides proper care for their dogs. You can find a list of Pumi breeders online or through dog shows and clubs.

Once you have found a breeder, it is recommended that you visit their location to meet the parents and assess the quality of care given to the dogs. Meeting the parents can give you a glimpse of the puppy’s potential temperament, size, and energy level.

It can also help you gauge the breeder’s knowledge and expertise in breeding Pumis. The cost of a Pumi puppy can vary, with prices ranging from $1,500 to $3,500 or more, depending on their pedigree, lineage, and the breeder’s reputation.

However, it is important not to base your decision solely on price. Other factors such as medical history, temperament, and the conditions in which the puppy is raised should also be considered.

When purchasing a puppy, you should receive documentation of the puppy’s medical records, including vaccination and deworming schedules, and proof of genetic and health testing, such as OFA hip and elbow evaluation. Reputable breeders will typically provide contracts and warranties to protect the puppy’s well-being.

In conclusion, whether you choose to adopt or buy a Pumi, it is crucial to do your research and select a reputable source that puts the dog’s well-being first. Provide a loving home, adequate care, and attention to your Pumi, and enjoy the wonderful and lively companion that they are.

In this informative article, we covered a range of topics related

to the Pumi breed. We discussed the breed’s characteristics and history, including their herding instincts and unique curly coat.

We also looked at common health problems that may befall Pumis, as well as the importance of proper diet and hydration. Finally, we highlighted where to adopt or buy a Pumi and the importance of choosing a reputable source.

Overall, taking care of a Pumi can be a rewarding experience that requires proper care, attention, and love. Whether you choose to adopt or buy, providing a safe and loving home for your Pumi is essential to ensure their overall well-being and happiness.

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