Majesty Dog

Positive Reinforcement Training: A Guide to Successful Puppy Training

Getting a new puppy can be both exciting and overwhelming. While the thought of having a new furry friend to play with is delightful, the responsibility of training them can be daunting.

Puppies require different training approaches at different stages of their development. In this article, we will cover the various stages of puppy training and the best training practices, including positive reinforcement.

Whether youre a first-time dog owner or a seasoned one, this article will provide you with the information you need to train your puppy successfully.

Puppy Training Stages

Puppies go through different stages of development, each of which requires different types of training. Understanding these stages and the type of training required is essential for successful puppy training.

8-10 Week Old

Puppy Training Stages

This stage is crucial because it sets the foundation for the rest of your puppy’s training. At this stage, your primary focus should be on socialization and bonding with your puppy.

It’s also crucial to teach your puppy basic commands such as “follow me” and “recall.”

Positive reinforcement is the most effective method of teaching puppies at this stage. If your puppy follows you or comes when called, reward him with a treat and a lot of praise.

It’s also important to discourage biting and mouthing. If your puppy nips you, say “ouch” and stop playing with him immediately.

This teaches the puppy that nipping means playtime is over.

3-4 Month Old

Puppy Training Stages

At this stage, your puppy is more active and curious.

He will want to explore his environment, which means you must teach him commands such as “walking next with me” and “retrieving.”

Its also important to teach your puppy the hand touch command, which is when you say “touch” and hold your hand out for the puppy to touch with his nose. This command helps with bonding and is also useful in redirecting your puppy’s attention if he’s distracted.

Training your puppy to hold positions such as sit or lie down is also essential at this stage. This can be achieved by luring them with treats and repetition.

When your puppy gets it right, praise him and reward him with a treat.

4-5 Month Old Puppy Training Routines

At this stage, your puppy should be comfortable with wearing a leash. It’s time to start leash training him and teaching them how to walk by your side.

Be patient with the puppy and use positive reinforcement on successful attempts. Also, teach your puppy to go to a bed or basket, so they have a designated resting spot.

When they go to their bed, reward them with treats and praise.

Puppy Training at 5-6 Months and Beyond

At this point, your puppy should have a good understanding of basic obedience commands. Its essential to continue training with consistency and persistency.

Commands such as “heel” and “general obedience” are now crucial. You can start proofing, which means introducing distractions while your puppy focuses on performing the command successfully.

Positive Reinforcement Training

Positive reinforcement training is the most effective and humane way to train puppies. This training involves rewarding puppies for good behaviour and ignoring or redirecting them when they exhibit undesirable behaviour.

The rewards could be in the form of treats, praise, or playtime.

The Importance of Going at a Happy Pace

It’s important to go at a happy pace while training your puppy using positive reinforcement. Going too quickly can lead to burnout and frustration, especially for the puppy.

Gradual progress and consistent training while making it enjoyable will garner consistent results. Benefits of

Positive Reinforcement Training

Besides being an effective training method that leads to success, positive reinforcement training has many other benefits.

The method relies on rewards, so there are no negative consequences for the puppy when they don’t do what is expected. Puppies love to please their owners.

When a puppy performs a command successfully, it reinforces their desire to please you, making him more willing to repeat the behaviour. Positive reinforcement also makes puppies more enjoyable to be around, which strengthens the bond between owner and pet.


In conclusion, puppy training requires patience, consistency and positive reinforcement. The stage of training depends on the puppy’s age and level of development.

It’s crucial that the owner embraces the importance of socialisation, basic commands and training in order to have a happy and well-behaved furry friend. Positive reinforcement is the most effective and humane way to train dogs, leading to long-lasting effects and a happy relationship between dog and owner.

By understanding each stage of puppy training and practicing these methods, you’ll equip yourself with the tools to train your puppy successfully. Being a puppy owner is both exciting and challenging.

Puppies require a lot of patience, training and affection to grow into well-behaved and obedient dogs. In this article, we will delve into the various expectations, training methods and tips for different puppy training goals.

Whether you have a specific training goal in mind or you are a new puppy owner, this article will provide you with the information you need to successfully train your furry friend.

Expectations for Young Puppies

Puppies have different developmental stages that require different types of expectations. Each stage has its unique challenges and rewards.

3 Month Old Puppy Expectations

At this stage, your puppy should be sleeping through the night. However, if they wake up during the night, it’s advisable to not make a fuss so that it doesn’t make it a habit.

Potty training accidents may still happen, so it’s essential to supervise and limit your pup’s access to the house. They will also experience the need to chew and bite on items, so discourage biting of household items and redirect them with approved chew toys.

At 3 months old, your puppy having successfully sat should be a realistic expectation.

4 Month Old Puppy Expectations

At this stage, your puppy should have a basic understanding of potty training. It’s now advisable to start leash training, and mouthing should now be rare as training continues.

When a puppy approaches your face or hand, say “no” and redirect them. Formal training should commence at this stage as the puppy has built a level of discipline.

Tips for Specific Puppy Training Goals

Walk on a Leash

Leash training young puppies is essential, and it’s important to start slowly over short periods. Using a leash, let the puppy walk around with supervision for short periods, while rewarding good behavior with treats.

Increase the time and distance as they continue to improve.


Recall involves coming when called on command. It’s essential to use a recall whistle to signal the command.

Train your puppy to come to you by continuously calling them when they’re out of sight while rewarding them with treats. Reduce running after your puppy when they don’t respond to recall commands and avoid distractions while training.


Socialization involves exposing puppies to various people, pets and environments to improve their social skills and playfulness. Outings for puppies should begin after the first inoculations.

Ensure that you take the puppy to ground level crowded and public places and only socialize with other vaccinated and healthy dogs. As your puppy progresses, gradually expose them to crowds and public places, and always supervise the interactions.

Bite Inhibition

Puppies have a natural inclination to bite and chew things. However, it’s important to discourage hard biting, which can sometimes hurt the owners.

Use a clicker training device to reward positive behavior and redirect negative behavior. During playtime, if you feel your puppy biting too hard, yelp “ouch” and stop playing with the puppy immediately.

If redirecting is still unsuccessful, then switch to a chew toy rather than them mouthing.

Getting into a Bed/Basket

Puppies should learn how to get into their designated bed or basket from an early stage.

To achieve this, encourage them into the bed with treats and make sure that they remain there. No specific command is needed, as the incentive of treats keeps them there.

General Obedience

As puppies grow, basic commands such as sit and heel should be able to be performed with ease. Gradually introduce distractions and raise the standards by using a clicker for positive reinforcement, only rewarding them upon the successful performance of the task.


Proofing is the stage where the puppy is exposed to longer and more complex behaviors. Tempt your puppy with distractions while performing a specific task to test their obedience and focus.

Once they get this right, raise the standards and increase the complexity of the task. Clickers are perfect for rewarding positive behavior.

In conclusion, training a puppy is crucial for developing a secure and well-behaved dog. Starting early, positive reinforcement, and consistency is key to achieving your training goals.

Expectations should be realistic and within the pups developmental stage, with knowledge of different training goals such as walk on a leash, recall, socialization, bite inhibition, getting into a basket, general obedience, and proofing. By following these guidelines, you will be able to train your puppy successfully and enjoy a long-lasting and happy relationship.

Training a young puppy is a challenging yet rewarding experience that builds a strong bond between pet and owner. The key to successful training is to understand the stages of puppy development and set realistic expectations while employing positive reinforcement.

Owners should start training early and keep all training enjoyable, focused, and consistent, with specific goals and methods appropriate for each stage and type of training. Completing successful training will ensure a happy and well-disciplined dog, and the owner will gain a satisfying lifelong friendship.

Always make training a loving and enjoyable experience, and your furry friend will become your most wonderful companion.

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