Majesty Dog

Summer Safety: How to Keep Your Dog Cool and Healthy

How Hot is Too Hot for Dogs? Dogs are not only pets but are also loyal companions.

They are members of our family and can travel with us, even in the hottest season. While it can be tempting to bring them along outdoors during summertime activities, it is important to ensure that they are safe and comfortable.

In this article, we will discuss how to identify and manage heat exhaustion in dogs, factors that affect their optimal temperature range, walking dogs on hot pavement, and keeping them safe in hot weather.

Signs of Heat Exhaustion

Dogs cannot regulate their body temperature like humans can; thus, they are prone to heat exhaustion and heatstroke in hot weather. Recognizing the signs of heat exhaustion is crucial in preventing heatstroke.

Excessive panting, lowered energy, and a rising body temperature are often early warning signs of heat exhaustion in dogs. Other symptoms consist of drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive thirst, rapid heartbeat, and lethargy, which can progress to convulsions, collapse, and death if not treated promptly.

Factors Affecting Optimal Temperature Range for Dogs

Dogs have a specific temperature range known as the thermoneutral zone, where they can regulate their body temperature without using any energy. The thermoneutral zone varies depending on the breed, body size, physical attributes, health status, age, and environmental factors.

The ambient air temperature and humidity play a big role in determining a dog’s thermoregulation. When the humidity is high, dogs can’t cool down by moisture evaporation through their mouth and skin, leading to heat retention and difficulty in cooling down.

Brachycephalic breeds like pugs, bulldogs, and boxers are at a higher risk of heat exhaustion because of their short snouts that prevent proper airflow, making it hard to pant. Dogs with chronic obesity, heart disease, kidney disease, puppies, and senior dogs have less physical endurance and are more likely to suffer from heat exhaustion than healthy adult dogs.

Walking Dogs on Hot Pavement

The pavement temperature is a significant concern when walking dogs in hot weather. Dogs’ paw pads are sensitive; thus, they are susceptible to burns from hot pavement.

When the pavement temperature reaches 125 degrees Fahrenheit, it can cause severe paw pad burns in just seconds.

To prevent paw pad injuries, pet owners should avoid walking their dogs on hot pavement.

If walking on warmer days cannot be avoided, pet owners can invest in booties for their dogs. Pet owners should also consider walking their dogs in grassy areas where they are more likely to tolerate the heat.

Alternatively, going to dog parks or exercise in buildings with climate control is another way to keep dogs active while avoiding hot pavement.

Keeping Dogs Safe in Hot Weather

It is essential to ensure dogs have adequate access to shade and water when they are outside, especially during hot weather. Outdoor dogs should be provided with access to shaded areas, such as a covered porch or a shaded tree.

Water is a vital resource for dogs to keep them hydrated. Access to clean, fresh water should be provided at all times.

Pet owners should consider providing several water stations throughout the house to make it easy for their dogs to access water. Additionally, pet owners should inspect any areas where their dogs may be sheltering like a car, kennel, or doghouse, for safety and make sure the area is well-ventilated.

Heatstroke can occur in a matter of minutes inside a parked car. Pet owners should never leave their dog in a parked car, even on cool days.

Canine Cooling and Thermoregulation

How Dogs Regulate Their Body Temperature

Dogs can regulate their body temperature through panting, thermoregulate, and heat loss through moisture evaporation. Panting is the primary method of regulating body temperature in dogs.

Dogs with healthy respiratory systems can pant at 300-400 breaths per minute, allowing cool air to reach their lungs, which then dissipates heat through the mouth and nose.

The Role of Humidity in Heat Exhaustion

Humidity is the amount of moisture in the air, and it affects the dog’s ability to cool down through moisture evaporation. High humidity can prevent evaporation from the dog’s mouth and nose, making it difficult to cool down.

Breeds at Higher Risk of Heat Exhaustion

Brachycephalic breeds, which have shorter snouts, are at higher risk of heat exhaustion because they can’t pant effectively. They can only take in small amounts of air from their shortened breathing passages, making it more difficult to dissipate heat through panting.

Physical Attributes Contributing to Heat Sensitivity

Dogs with hair or fur coats and double-coated breeds are more prone to heat exhaustion. These types of coats trap heat and prevent moisture evaporation.

However, shaving a double-coated breed’s coat may have adverse effects and should not be done unless explicitly recommended by a veterinarian.


In conclusion, understanding the factors that affect a dog’s thermoregulation and recognizing the signs of heat exhaustion are critical in ensuring a dog’s safety and health during hot weather. Providing adequate shade, access to water, and avoiding hot pavement can prevent heat exhaustion and heatstroke.

As a pet owner, it is essential to prioritize your dog’s safety and comfort during the hot summer months. Summer is a season that most people look forward to: enjoying the warm weather, sunny skies, and the outdoors.

However, as temperatures rise, so does the risk of heat exhaustion and heatstroke in dogs. When the body temperature of a dog goes beyond the normal range, it may lead to severe health problems.

Therefore, pet owners need to understand the safety precautions to take to protect their furry companions during hot weather.

Signs of Heat Exhaustion

Recognizing the signs of heat exhaustion in dogs is the first step towards preventing heatstroke. The early signs of heat exhaustion in dogs include excessive panting, labored breathing, a tired or sluggish demeanor and unwillingness to move or walk.

It’s crucial to note that these signs can be an indication that the dog is overheated. Other signs of heat exhaustion which can occur as the condition worsens are vomiting, diarrhea, and red gums.

As the condition progresses, the dog’s body temperature might increase to over 104 degrees Fahrenheit, leading to seizures, coma, and ultimately, death.

Factors Affecting Optimal Temperature Range for Dogs

It’s essential to understand your dog’s optimal temperature range and the factors that affect it. Every breed has a specific range of temperatures that they are comfortable in based on their physiological and environmental factors, known as the thermoneutral zone.

The size, weight, and coat condition of the dog all have an impact on its ability to regulate its body temperature. For instance, a greyhound may spend more time in the shade as compared to a bulldog, which has a short nose and may experience difficulty in panting.

The ambient air temperature and humidity also affect a dog’s thermoregulation. Hot and humid weather increases the risk of heat exhaustion and heatstroke in dogs, primarily if they have respiratory diseases.

Brachycephalic breeds such as pugs are also prone to overheating as they cannot pant effectively. Obesity, heart disease, kidney disease, and age also contribute to a dog’s level of endurance, affecting their capacity to regulate their body temperature.

Walking Dogs on Hot Pavement

Walking dogs on a hot pavement can lead to paw pad injuries. The pavement temperature can exceed the outside air temperature, making it unbearable for dogs to walk.

Depending on the pavements’ temperature, a dog’s paw pads can start to burn within 60 seconds of standing on it. It’s essential to test the pavement with your hand before taking your dog out for a walk.

If the pavement is too hot to touch, it’s too hot for your dog. To avoid paw pad injuries, pet owners can invest in protective booties to safeguard their dogs’ paw pads.

Another alternative is walking the dog during cooler periods of the day, such as morning or early evening. Alternatively, visiting a local dog park or exercising indoors on hot days is another great way to keep your dog active.

Keeping Dogs Safe in Hot Weather

To ensure your dog stays healthy and safe during hot weather, follow these precautions:

Shade: Make sure your dog always has access to shade. Whether you’re at home or outside on a picnic, it’s important to take breaks in the shade.

A covered patio, an umbrella, or a shaded area provided by trees is ideal. Water: Always provide your dog with access to fresh, cool water.

This will help prevent dehydration and keep your dog hydrated. You can carry a portable water bottle and collapsible bowl when traveling with your dog.

Indoor daycare facilities: On hot days, it’s a good idea to consider taking your dog to an indoor daycare facility. These daycares typically have climate control to ensure your dog stays cool.

Heatstroke: If a dog’s body temperature reaches above 104 degrees Fahrenheit, it may lead to heatstroke. If the dog is vomiting, panting heavily, or experiencing other symptoms, it’s best to get them into an air-conditioned environment immediately.

Car safety: Never leave your dog in the car, even for a few minutes, as it can lead to heatstroke. Even if you have the windows rolled down, the temperature inside the car can climb to dangerous levels quickly.

In conclusion, it’s essential for pet owners to understand the factors that affect their dog’s ability to regulate their body temperature and the signs of heat exhaustion. Walking dogs on hot pavement is one cause of paw pad injuries, and outdoor dogs need to have access to shade and water to keep them hydrated while preventing dehydration.

Indoor daycare facilities and avoiding leaving a dog in a parked car are other options to keep your dog safe and healthy during hot weather. By taking safety precautions, pet owners can protect their dogs and ensure they enjoy a happy and healthy summer!

In conclusion, keeping dogs safe during hot weather is crucial.

Pet owners must understand their dogs’ factors affecting optimal temperature range, recognize the signs of heat exhaustion and keep them hydrated at all times. Specifically, walking dogs on hot pavement can lead to paw pad injuries, and providing access to shade and fresh water, utilizing indoor daycare facilities and avoiding leaving a dog in a parked car, are some of the measures to maintain dog safety during hot weather.

By following these precautions, pet owners can ensure their furry companions stay safe and healthy during the summer months. Remember, it’s necessary to take steps to protect dogs in hot weather and prevent heat exhaustion and heatstroke.

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