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The History and Popularity of Corgis: From Herding Dogs to Family Pets

Introduction to Corgis

Corgis are a beloved breed of dogs that have been around for centuries. Originating from Wales, the breed has an interesting history, including the influence of ancient Celts, Vikings, and Flemish weavers.

There are two types of Corgis, Pembroke and Cardigan, both of which used to work as herding dogs. Today, Corgis are popular pets, with their adorable looks and lovable personalities.

In this article, we will explore the history of Corgis, their physical characteristics, and why they have become so popular.

History of the Breed

The Welsh Corgi is a breed that originated in Wales over a thousand years ago. The name “Corgi” actually comes from the Welsh language, which means “dwarf dog.” The ancient Celts, who lived in the same region, may have brought the ancestor of Corgis with them to Wales.

It is believed that the original Corgi was a cross between a Spitz-type dog and a Schipperke. In the 9th century, Vikings invaded Wales and brought with them their Swedish Vallhunds, which are believed to be an ancestor of Corgis.

The Vallhunds were herding dogs that may have crossed with the local Corgis to produce the breed we know today. Another theory is that Flemish weavers who migrated to Wales brought their own herding dogs, which then bred with the local dogs to create Corgis.

Whatever the origin of the breed, Corgis were originally used as herding dogs, rounding up cattle and other livestock. There are two types of Corgis, Pembroke and Cardigan.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a shorter tail, while the Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a longer, fox-like tail. The Pembroke is more popular in the United States, while the Cardigan is more popular in the United Kingdom.

Types of Corgis

Pembroke Welsh Corgis and Cardigan Welsh Corgis are both herding dogs, but they have some differences in their physical characteristics and temperament. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are shorter than Cardigans, with pointed ears and a shorter tail.

They have a friendly and outgoing personality, making them great family pets. They love attention and can be quite affectionate.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, on the other hand, is a bit larger than the Pembroke and has a longer, fox-like tail and rounded ears. They are also friendly and outgoing but can be a bit more reserved than their Pembroke cousins.

They are great with children, though, and are loyal and protective of their families.

Popularity of Corgis

Corgis have become very popular in recent years, thanks in part to The Crown, the popular Netflix series about

Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen has always been a fan of Corgis and has owned many of them over the years.

Her love of the breed has helped to bring attention

to Corgis and has made them even more popular. Corgis are also known for their adorable looks.

They have short legs, big ears, and a cute smile that makes them difficult to resist. They are a great breed for families, as they are energetic and playful but also affectionate and loyal.

Physical Characteristics of Corgis

Size and Weight

Corgis are medium-sized dogs, weighing between 22 and 38 pounds. They are also quite dense, which gives them a sturdy build and makes them great for herding.


Corgis come in a variety of colors, including red, sable, fawn, black, brindle, and blue merle. Some Corgis have white markings on their chest, face, and feet.

Tail and Ears

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is often seen without a tail, as they are typically docked when they are young. However, some Pembrokes are born without a tail due to a genetic mutation.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, on the other hand, has a long tail that is similar to a fox. As for their ears, Pembrokes have pointed ears, while Cardigans have rounded ears.

Both types of Corgis have large ears that stand up straight and can be quite expressive.


Corgis have a double coat, which means they shed quite a bit. This makes them heavy shedders, and they require regular grooming to keep their coats looking healthy and shiny.

They should be brushed at least once a week to remove any loose fur and prevent matting.


Corgis are lovable and adorable dogs that have been around for centuries. Their history is rich and interesting, with influences from ancient Celts, Vikings, and Flemish weavers.

The breed has two types, Pembroke and Cardigan, both of which are great herding dogs and loving family pets. Corgis have become very popular in recent years, thanks to their cute looks and friendly personalities.

If you’re considering getting a Corgi, be prepared for lots of love and attention, as well as regular grooming to keep their coat looking its best.

Corgi Personality and Temperament

Corgis are known for their charming personalities, friendly temperament, and loving disposition. These dogs are intelligent, active, and highly trainable.

They are willing to please their owners and quick learners, but they can also be stubborn at times. Here are some of the key personality traits and temperaments that make Corgis so unique.


Corgis are generally very trainable and eager to please their owners. They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods.

However, as mentioned earlier, they can be stubborn at times, so it is important for their owners to be patient and consistent in their training techniques. It is also helpful to start their training at a young age, as this will help them develop good habits and behaviors early on.


Corgis are social animals that love to interact with other dogs and people. They are known for their love of chasing and herding, so they need constant stimulation to keep them happy and fulfilled.

Early socialization is crucial to help them learn how to interact positively with other dogs and humans. They need to be exposed to different environments, situations, and people regularly to become well-rounded, friendly dogs.


Corgis are intelligent and quick learners, which makes them ideal for training. Their intelligence, combined with their herding instincts, means that they can be quite manipulative and will try to get their way if they can.

To prevent this, owners need to be firm and consistent with their training.


Corgis are active, herding dogs that require regular exercise to keep them healthy and happy. They need at least 30 minutes of exercise a day, but they will happily take more if its available.

They enjoy walking, running, and playing games like fetch. Without enough exercise, they can become bored and destructive.

Corgi owners should make sure their dogs get enough exercise to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

Health Concerns for Corgis

As with any breed of dog, Corgis are susceptible to certain health issues, some of which are genetic. Potential Corgi owners should be aware of these issues, as they can be expensive to care for and may require specialized treatment.

Spine and Hip Issues

Corgis are prone to spinal issues, including Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD). This is a condition where the cushions between the vertebrae in the spine deteriorate, causing the discs to bulge or rupture.

It can lead to pain, weakness, and even paralysis. Corgis are also prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, which is a genetic disorder where the joints do not form correctly, leading to arthritis and pain.

Genetic Disorders

Corgis are also susceptible to a range of genetic disorders, including Degenerative Myelopathy (DM), a condition where a dog loses control of its hind legs due to nerve degeneration. There is a DNA test available for DM, so potential owners should ask their breeders if they have tested their dogs for the gene.


Corgis are a relatively expensive breed, and potential owners should be prepared for the costs associated with owning a dog. This includes the initial purchase price, which can range from $1,000 to $3,000, depending on the breeder and location.

In addition to the purchase price, there are ongoing costs associated with pet ownership, including food, grooming, vet bills, and training. Potential owners should make sure they can afford to care for a Corgi before purchasing one.

Finding a reputable breeder is also important, as this can help prevent health issues and ensure that the dog is well-socialized and trained. Reputable breeders will be able to provide health certificates and information about the dogs lineage and any potential health issues.

They will also be able to answer any questions and provide guidance on caring for a Corgi. In


Corgis are intelligent, loving dogs that make great family pets.

They are highly trainable, but they do require consistent training and socialization. Potential owners should be aware of the potential health issues associated with the breed, including spinal and hip issues, genetic disorders, and the costs associated with pet ownership.

With proper care and training, Corgis can make loving, loyal companions for their owners.

Famous Corgi Owners and

Social Media

Corgis have captured the hearts of people around the world, including some celebrities and public figures. One of the most famous Corgi owners is

Queen Elizabeth II, who has owned more than 30 Corgis in her lifetime.

Recent years have also seen an increase in the popularity of Corgis on social media, with many famous dogs gathering a large following of fans. Here is a look at some of the most famous Corgi owners and how social media has played a role in the breed’s popularity.

Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II is perhaps the most famous Corgi owner of all time. She has owned more than 30 Corgis throughout her reign, including her current pets, Candy and Vulcan.

The Queen’s love of Corgis has helped popularize the breed, both in the UK and around the world. Her Corgis have been featured in numerous photographs and videos, and they have become an iconic part of her persona.

Social Media

Social media has played a significant role in the recent increase in the popularity of Corgis. Many famous Corgis have attracted large followings on Instagram, Twitter, and other platforms, with fans of the breed sharing photos and videos of their pets.

Some of the most famous social media Corgis include Pavlov, Willo, Ollie and Butler, and Madmax. Pavlov is a famous Corgi who has over 100,000 followers on Instagram.

He is known for his adorable looks and lovable personality. Willo the Corgi is another popular Instagram star with over 40,000 followers.

This fluffy Corgi is known for his adventures and travel photos. Meanwhile, Ollie and Butler are two Corgi brothers who have over 53,000 followers on Instagram.

They are known for their silly antics and fun-loving personalities. Finally, Madmax is a Corgi who has over 90,000 followers on Instagram.

He has become famous for his amazing costumes and the hilarious memes that his owner creates.

Herding Instinct

Corgis are herding dogs, and as a result, they have a natural tendency to nip at the heels of people and animals that they view as potential prey. This can cause problems if the Corgi is not trained properly.

However, with consistent training and socialization, it is possible to teach a Corgi to control its herding instincts.

Family Pets

Despite their herding instincts, Corgis make great family pets. They are loyal, affectionate, and loving dogs that enjoy spending time with their owners.

They are also highly trainable and enjoy learning new things. With proper socialization and training, Corgis can be great with children and other animals, making them superb family dogs.



Corgis continue to capture the hearts of people around the world, thanks in part to the breed’s natural charm and personality. Social media has also played a significant role in the recent rise in popularity of Corgis, with many famous dogs gathering large followings of fans.

Proper training, socialization, and care are important for any Corgi, but they can make great companions and family pets for those who are willing to put in the effort. Whether you’re a Queen or just someone looking for a loyal and loving companion, Corgis are a great choice.

In summary, Corgis are an intelligent, sociable and adorable breed of dog that have an interesting history. The Welsh Corgi has two varieties – Pembroke and Cardigan – both of which were originally used for herding.

Corgis are highly trainable and love to please their owners. They also require lots of exercise and socialization.

Health concerns can be present in the breed, so it’s crucial to find a reputable breeder and make sure to take proper care of your pet. Famous owners like

Queen Elizabeth II and social media have helped popularize Corgis, making them more popular.

Despite their occasional stubbornness and nip tendencies, Corgis make great family pets. Overall, the loyalty and love that Corgis provide to their owners, as well as their distinct personalities, make them a wonderful pet choice for those looking for a faithful companion.

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