Majesty Dog

The Versatile and Protective Colorado Mountain Dog Breed

Introduction to Colorado Mountain Dogs

Colorado Mountain Dogs (CMD) are a breed of livestock guard dogs that originated in the United States. Wendy Francisco, a Colorado rancher, and her partner, Caspian, developed this breed in the 1970s by crossing Great Pyrenees, Anatolian Shepherd Dogs, and Hungarian Kuvasz.

They created CMD to protect their livestock and property from predators such as coyotes, wolves, and bears. CMDs are popular for their ability to provide effective livestock protection.

In addition, they’re known for their vocal intimidation at predators and their willingness to attack if necessary. Despite their tough exterior, they’re friendly to visitors and are beloved for their loyalty and family-friendly temperament.

In this article, we’ll delve deeper into the history, characteristics, breed development, genetic makeup, size, and weight of Colorado Mountain Dogs.

Breed History

CMDs originated in Colorado, where Wendy Francisco and Caspian bred them for the first time in the 1970s. They aimed to develop a livestock guard dog that can adapt to the rough terrain and harsh weather conditions of the Colorado Mountains.

The breed was created by crossing Great Pyrenees, Anatolian Shepherd Dogs, and Hungarian Kuvasz. Great Pyrenees were chosen for their gentle, calm nature, and protective instincts.

Anatolian Shepherd Dogs were selected for their independent nature and their ability to protect livestock from bears. The Hungarian Kuvasz was added to the mix to increase the breed’s athletic ability and to provide hybrid vigor.

Today, CMDs are recognized as a distinct breed, and Colorado Mountain Dog Breeders Association was established to preserve and promote CMDs. They’re now used for livestock protection in various parts of the United States, including California, Montana, Utah, New Mexico, and Wyoming.


Colorado Mountain Dogs are well-known for their excellent abilities to protect livestock from predators. They exhibit vocal intimidation towards predators and are willing to attack if necessary.

These dogs are intelligent, alert and have that rare quality of being ferocious yet protective at the same time. In addition to their protective instincts, CMD’s are friendly towards visitors and have a temperament suitable for family pets.

They enjoy spending time with their owners, having been bred to work alongside humans for generations. The breed’s intelligence and willingness to work make them easy to train.

They also require low-maintenance grooming and exercise, making them a practical choice for working individuals.

Another notable characteristic of CMDs is that they’re adaptable to various climates and terrains, making them well-suited to different environments.

Breed Development

CMDs were developed as a crossbreed livestock guard dog to provide effective livestock protection. Wendy Francisco and Caspian crossed three breeds: Great Pyrenees, Anatolian Shepherd Dogs, and Hungarian Kuvasz to create CMDs.

CMD’s were developed to possess qualities such as increased athletic ability, hybrid vigor, and adaptability to different climates and terrains.

Genetic Makeup

The Great Pyrenees breed comes from the Pyrenees Mountains, where they worked for centuries as livestock guard dogs. Their calm demeanor and gentle nature make them an excellent addition to the CMD breed.

Anatolian Shepherd Dogs are native to Turkey, where they protected livestock from various predators, including bears. Their independent nature and determination to protect make them another valuable addition to the CMD breed.

Hungarian Kuvasz, also known as the Hungarian flock guardians, were bred to protect flocks from predators. This breed has a high energy level and a strong protective instinct, making it ideal for use in the CMD breeding program.

Size and Weight

Male CMD’s usually weigh between 90 – 120 pounds and stand approximately 30 inches tall. Females are slightly smaller, weighing between 70 – 100 pounds and standing around 27 inches tall.

CMDs have a muscular, well-proportioned body that is slightly longer horizontally than vertically. Their thick coat of fur ranges from white to light brown to buff.


The evolution of Colorado Mountain Dogs reveals how humans have selectively bred dogs to meet specific needs, such as protecting livestock. The breed’s qualities such as adaptability, intelligence, loyalty, and protectiveness make them ideal for livestock protection.

They are also friendly to humans, making them a great fit as a family pet. The CMD breed has a fascinating history, unique characteristics, and impressive genetic makeup.

This combination makes them perfect for livestock guardianship and suitable as family pets. With their protective instincts, willingness to work, and a friendly temperament, CMDs remain a valuable breed, especially for those living in rural areas or raising livestock.

Appearance and Grooming

Physically, Colorado Mountain Dogs (CMDs) have a medium chest, bushy tail, and a white coat that ranges from light cream to golden brown. Their eyes are typically a light brown color and have a friendly, warm expression that appeals to all.

The dense coat’s texture is wavy, with a thick undercoat and thin, protective outer coat. They’re beautiful dogs, and their handsome looks combined with their protective temperament make them a great addition to any rural home.

However, their thick coats demand regular grooming. CMDs possess a double coat, which means they have a thick undercoat beneath a thin outer coat.

This coat provides insulation to keep them warm in cooler months and helps regulate their body temperature during warmer seasons. The coat plays an important role in protecting the dogs from predators, but this also means that they shed heavily twice a year.

To maintain their coat’s health, CMD’s need weekly brushing during non-shedding periods and daily brushing during the shedding periods. Brushing will help remove dead hairs, prevent matting, and keep the coat shiny and healthy.

CMD Temperament and Training

CMD’s are often described as friendly and outgoing and can be great family pets. They are known for their accepting nature toward visitors and will greet guests with a wagging tail.

They’re also campion barkers and know how to vocalize to let their owners know if strangers are approaching their territory. However, CMDs are working dogs and have strong guarding instincts that make them defensive of their owners and property.

They require an experienced hand to train and must be socialized from a young age to develop appropriate behavior toward strangers and other dogs. Despite their guarding instincts, CMDs are not aggressive by nature and thrive on human interaction and companionship.

They’re independent thinkers who are quick to assess their environment and use their instincts to protect their owners. Training can be a challenge for CMD’s as they are independent individuals who favor a quick-thinking approach.

Obedience training is essential to teach these dogs to obey commands and respect the owner’s authority. Unlike some other breeds that take pleasure in learning new tricks, CMDs may find such training less interesting, although it’s also necessary to make sure they don’t turn out to be dominant or too aggressive.

Trick training can also be helpful as it helps them to develop good habits and build a stronger bond with their owner. Teaching these dogs new tricks can be a fun way to reward good behavior and alleviate boredom.

Final thoughts

CMD’s are loyal, hardworking, and affectionate dogs with a strong desire to protect their loved ones. They’re impressive dogs that offer fantastic companionship, but their strength and guarding instincts require proper training and socialization to ensure suitable behavior.

Their grooming demands require a regular commitment to keep up with shedding and keep their coat healthy and attractive. CMDs are outgoing and vigilant, making them an excellent choice as a watchful and loving addition to any rural home.

Exercise, Lifespan, and Registry

CMD’s were bred for an outdoor, nomadic lifestyle. They tend to roam, alert and protect their territory, and are always on the lookout for any potential danger.

This breed requires moderate exercise, and they enjoy going for walks, hikes or playtime in an open field or backyard. However, it is essential to leash-train your CMD, as they have a strong instinct to chase small animals.

They’re also prone to roam if they get bored or restless and may wander off in search of adventure if not appropriately entertained.

CMD’s need a moderate amount of exercise to maintain their health and well-being.

They can suffer from obesity if they’re not burning off enough energy. Staying active prevents joint problems and keeps their caloric intake in check.

The CMD’s lifespan can be estimated to be around 12 to 14 years. This lifespan’s length is comparable to the Great Pyrenees, Anatolian and Hungarian Kuvasz breeds, which are the founding breeds of CMDs. CMDs are a newer breed, and not much data is available on their lifespan.

However, it is known that they usually live a healthy and active life and rarely suffer from any significant health issues. CMDs are recognized by the Colorado Mountain Dog Association, a breed-specific registry that provides guidance and assistance to breeders, owners, and enthusiasts.

This registry is not recognized by the American Kennel Club or any other national organization, but the demand for CMDs in the United States remains high, and prices are relatively consistent with other working breeds.

Comparison to Great Pyrenees and Testimonials

CMDs have a similar origin to Great Pyrenees, and therefore, they share similarities in their appearance and temperament. Both breeds were developed to protect livestock and property from predators.

Genetics of Great Pyrenees, Anatolian and Hungarian Kuvasz can be observed in the CMD breed. However, CMDs are smaller and more athletic than Great Pyrenees, making them a more versatile breed when it comes to living in rough terrain.

Both breeds are dedicated to their work and have a strong protective instinct.

Owner testimonials suggest that CMDs are a delight to have around on the farm.

They’re protective of their herds and flocks and tend to be submissive where family is concerned. Unlike some livestock guarding breeds that have a strong desire for dominance, CMDs tend to fall into a middle ground where their instincts are honed with trainings imparted on them.

CMD owners have reported that their dogs have made successful stands against bears and other aggressive predators. CMDs are very vigilant, barking to alert owners of unusual activity around the farm or homestead.

They also make great family pets, with many owners reporting that they are loyal, affectionate, and playful with their children. In conclusion, CMDs have much to offer as both livestock protectors and companion pets.

Their moderate exercise needs, moderate lifespan, and adaptable nature make them a great fit for rural families who enjoy an active lifestyle. With the Colorado Mountain Dog Association registry’s guidance and support, CMDs are gaining recognition as a reliable and effective working breed in the United States, and their demand continues to grow.

Health Concerns

Like all breeds, CMDs are susceptible to certain health conditions, such as patellar luxation, hip dysplasia, and bloat problems. Patellar luxation is a condition where the kneecap slides out of position, causing pain and discomfort for the dog.

Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition that affects the hip bone and its fitting in the hip socket. CMDs may also be prone to bloat, a life-threatening condition where the stomach twists and fills with gas.

CMD breeders should test their dogs for these conditions to ensure that they’re breeding healthy dogs. They should also provide proper nutrition, regular veterinary checkups, and appropriate exercise to ensure that their dogs maintain their health.


Colorado Mountain Dogs are a newer breed of livestock guard dogs that originated in the United States. The breed was developed by crossbreeding Great Pyrenees, Anatolian Shepherd Dogs, and Hungarian Kuvasz to create a dog with qualities such as athletic ability, hybrid vigor, and adaptability to different climates and terrains.

The CMD breed is now recognized by the Colorado Mountain Dog Association and has a growing demand in the United States. CMDs are known for their excellent abilities in livestock protection and their friendly temperament.

They have high mobility and adaptability, thriving well in outdoor and wide-raging farms. They’re vigilant protectors that vocalize to alerts their owners of predators or intrusion on their territory and always on the alert to detect danger.

Moreover, CMDs are also great family pets, adapting well to family life and activities. They are friendly and outgoing towards visitors, and they can be great with kids too.

They also make good watch dogs and will alert their owners of any suspicious or unusual activity. However, like all breeds, CMDs are susceptible to certain health conditions.

Breeders must provide proper care and testing to maintain the breed’s health. In conclusion, The Colorado Mountain Dog is a great breed for farmers and people who live in nominal settings, providing both protection and companionship.

The article explores the history, characteristics, appearance and grooming, temperament and training, exercise and lifespan registry, and health concerns of Colorado Mountain Dogs (CMDs). CMDs are a newer breed of livestock guard dogs that are known for their effective protection and friendly temperament.

They require moderate exercise, regular grooming, and obedience training, making them versatile working dogs and great family pets. Health conditions can also affect CMDs, and appropriate testing and care are required to maintain their health.

In conclusion, the CMD breed provides a suitable option for people living in rural areas, offering both protection and companionship – which underscores the importance of careful breeding, socialization, and care.

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